Useful Articles, Papers, and Essays


Studies & Papers

Title Category Notes Link

Moral Status And The Treatment of DID

personhood

Source on arguing that headmates are people, backtracks in denial at the insitutionalized cruelty and makes the opposite conclusion at the end

Link

Six-year Follow-up of the Treatment of Patients With Dissociative Disorders Study

integration

Source on Low Integration Success Rates(12.8%).

Link

Can the DSM-5 differentiate between nonpathological possession and dissociative identity disorder? A case study from an Afro-Brazilian religion

nondisordered, endogenic

Paper talks about nondisordered & spiritual plurality

Link

Tracking the tulpa

tulpamancy, history

Paper talks about the origins of the word 'tulpa'

Link

Tulpas and Mental Health: A Study of Non-Traumagenic Plural Experiences

tulpamancy, endogenic, nondisordered

Paper talks about tulpamancy improving practitioner's lives

Link

Critiquing the Requirement of Oneness over Multiplicity: An Examination of Dissociative Identity (Disorder) in Five Clinical Texts

nondisordered, integration

Argues that multiplicity is not inherently disordered

Link

Normal Dimensions of Multiple Personality Without Amnesia

nondisordered, amnesia

Argues that the disorderly part of DID is the amnesia not the multiplicity and the multiplicity is seperate from the amnesia

Link

Multiplicity: An Explorative Interview Study on Personal Experiences of People with Multiple Selves

nondisordered, community report

Paper talking about the plural community. Paper is written with strong transphobic bias and bias against headmates having different identities.

Link

Personality Characteristics of Tulpamancers and Their Tulpas

tulpamancy

Paper talks about how tulpamancy improves practitioner's lives

Link

Exploring the Utility and Personal Relevance of Co-Produced Multiplicity Resources with Young People

nondisordered, community report

Talks about the plural community and what the study found the respondents want out of therapy

Link

Unusual experiences and their association with metacognition: investigating ASMR and Tulpamancy

tulpamancy, nondisordered

Talks about how tulpamancy does not correlate to increased rates of hallucinations- ie that tulpamancy is not psychosis

Link

‘I’ve learned I need to treat my characters like people’: Varieties of agency and interaction in Writers’ experiences of their Characters’ Voices

endogenic, nondisordered

Talks about nondisordered plurality (doesnt call it this) in writers

Link

DID- Out of the shadows at last?

persuasive

Paper talks about how DID is real, citing different studies

Link

Frontiers in the psychotherapy of trauma and dissociation

dissociation, trauma, masterpost

Large number of papers in the offical clinical journal of the ISSTD

Link

Dreams In Multiple Personality

dreams

Talks about dream phenomina in MPD patients

Link

Guidelines for treating DID in adults, 3rd revision

treatment

Guidelines from 2010 for treating DID

Link

Psychotherapy and Pharmacotherapy for Patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder

medication, treatment

Mentions various medications that might help secondary symptoms

Link

Dissociative disorders in Vietnam combat veterans

later in life, request access

DID symptoms in combat vets, suggests one can become plural later in life

Link

Entitlement to service connection for an acquired psychiatric disorder

later in life

DID acquired later in life as a result of millitary service

Link

On appeal from the Department of Veterans Affairs Regional Office in Oakland, California

later in life

DID acquired later in life as a result of millitary service

Link

A psychotherapy approach to treating hostile voices

treatment

On how to deal with hostile voices/alters- asserts working with and talking with them if they behave in coherent ways is the best approach

Link

Regaining Consensus on the Reliability of Memory

false memory

Talks about false memory syndrome not being a thing

Link

The Absorption Hypothesis: Learning to Hear God in Evangelical Christianity

endogenic, nondisordered

Spritual plurality paper

Link

Towards a general model for psychopathology

model

Talks about a proposed unifying theoretical framework of psychopathology

Link

VIOLATION AND VIRTUALITY: Two cases of physical and psychological boundary transgression and their implications

persuasive, nondisordered

Old paper on depathologizing MPD

Link

The online community: DID and plurality

community report, own voices

Mentions plural community preferences vs professional attitudes, good for outlining this and generally positive to the community, but suggests many in the community are just 'fantasy prone' and not plural. Writer is plural.

Link

Dissociation - Progress in the Dissociative Disorders Archive

masterpost

ISSTD Journal Archive (1988-1997)

Link

Meeting the needs of clients with dissociative identity disorder: considerations for psychotherapy

request access

On meeting patients where they are at- pro

Link

The ambiguous loss of post-integration : a theoretical analysis of the effects of integration on clients with dissociative identity disorder

integration

Talks about integration not always being a positive for all systems

Link

A Jungian Perspective on the Dissociability of the Self

endogenic, nondisordered, analysis

Paper examines Jung through the lens of plurality, mentions Jung essentially asserted plurality could be endogenic

Link

Cognitive Processes in Dissociation: An Analysis of Core Theoretical Assumptions

dissociation, model

Talks about dissociation as theory and framework and asserts that dissociation is not only a trauma response.

Link

MODES OF EXISTENCE: TOWARDS A PHENOMENOLOGICAL POLYPSYCHISM

model, persuasive, nondisordered, endogenic

In favor of the 'everyone is a little bit plural' model and argues for it

Link

THE ILLUSION OF INDEPENDENT AGENCY: DO ADULT FICTION WRITERS EXPERIENCE THEIR CHARACTERS AS HAVING MINDS OF THEIR OWN?

endogenic, nondisordered

Talks about plural experiences of writers.

Link

Varieties of Tulpa Experiences: The Hypnotic Nature of Human Sociality, Personhood, and Interphenomenality.

tulpamancy, endogenic, nondisordered, personhood, community report

Argues personhood and realness for tulpas, talks about tulpamancer demographics

Link

Neuroholographic Organisms: An Independent Study of Sentient Thoughtforms

tulpamancy, endogenic, nondisordered

Extremely broken partial paper on tulpamancy

Link

Imaginary Companions, Inner Speech, and Auditory Verbal Hallucinations: What Are the Relations?

nondisordered, voice hearing

About imaginary friends being normal and not disorderly; only tangentally related to plurality

Link

Auditory Hallucinations in Dissociative Identity Disorder and Schizophrenia With and Without a Childhood Trauma History

DID, schizophrenia, trauma, voice hearing

Talks about the fact that compared to both traumatized and nontraumatized schizophrenics, those with DID were more likely to experience Schneiderian First Rank Symptoms (such as voice hearing or hallucinations) than psychotic groups. Also shows that the voices they hear appear sooner and were more varied on average. Internal and external voices were notably present in both DID and schizophrenic samples. Dissociation and trauma are much bigger predictors of voice hearing according to this study than psychosis.

Link

Normative Dissociation

nondisordered, dissociation, model

Asserts dissociation is normal and dissociative disorders are rather a disruption of this that make it become disorderly

Link

Uncharted features and dynamics of reading: Voices, characters, and crossing of experiences

nondisordered, endogenic

Talks about involuntary experiences of characters acting after reading

Link

INTERSECTIONAL REPRESENTATION: LGBTQ+ AND NEURODIVERSE VOICES IN TRANSMEDIA FICTION

queer, community report, representation, own voices

Talks about intersectional representation in media, writer is plural.

Link

“Multiple Systems” versus Dissociative Identity Disorder: Life-Style or Mental Illness?

community report, nondisordered

Seems to think that if you have DID you cant be a multiple system, has some ableist bent against DID being dangerous, equates DID to psychosis, claims sexual abuse is required to be plural, claims there isnt enough evidence to conclude that all plurals are nondisordered. Worth something due to awknowleging the community and demonstrating the ableism in the system.

Link

Dissociative Experience and Cultural Neuroscience: Narrative, Metaphor and Mechanism

dissociation, model

Talks about dissocation being not a question of real neurology OR cultural in origin, but a mix of both.

Link

Selected Topics in Ego State Therapy

treatment

Ego state therapy for use outside of DID therapy

Link

A plurality of selves? An illustration of polypsychism in a recovered addict

model, nondisordered, request access

Proposes a 'everyone is plural' model

Link

BOUNDARIES ON THE CONCEPTS OF DISSOCIATION AND DISSOCIATIVE PARTS OF THE PERSONALITY: REQUIRED AND VIABLE

model

Asserts that plurality can be a feature of far more disorders than dissociative ones and that dissociation is a key aspect of more disorder than originally thought

Link

Autism: A Dissociated Self

dissociation

Talks about how dissociation is very common in autistic folks

Link

A survey of practices and recommended treatment interventions among expert therapists treating patients with dissociative identity disorder and dissociative disorder not otherwise specified

treatment

Talks about what treatments therapists reccomend for dissociative disorders

Link

Understanding Integration

integration

Ex-multiple therapist strongly in favor of integration talking about it. Views alters as not people/dehumanizes them, may be deeply triggering.

Link

DID/OSDD Library community resource

masterpost

Archive of DID/OSDD related papers. Archive holder is a system exclusionist among other things, may color what is offered.

Link

Alterity: Learning Polyvalent Selves, Resisting Disabling Notions of the Self

nondisordered

Somewhat in favor of plurality outside of DID, coins the word 'alterity' to describe plurality.

Link

The Self as a Center of Narrative Gravity

nondisordered, model

Considers the self is fictictious entirely and extends this to alters, but considers plurality normal outside of DID, mentions split brain phenomina

Link

Our Multiple Selves: Applying systems thinking to inner family

IFS, model, endogenic, nondisordered

Comes from an 'everyone is plural' perspective and proposes that MPD is just an excessive polarization of this. Talks about how IFS got started as family therapy as applied to an individual and the theory on how it works. Proposes it as a valid model.

Link

The Effects of DID on Children of Trauma Survivors

DID, plural parents, endogenic

Paper asserts that people with DID can be good parents, but details a number of problems that can occur. Asserts that alters are never seperate people. Mentions that children of those with DID are more likely to develop dissociative disorders themselves- even without experiencing trauma. Also asserts that its important to judge someone with DID based on individual status

Link

The Multiple Self: Exploring between and beyond Modernity and Postmodernity

endogenic, nondisordered, model

Comes from a 'everyone is plural' perspective. Asserts that being plural is natural and not wrong and a unified single self is a western concept that is destructive to ones wellbeing and in this postmodern age it should be discarded. Talks on how it is detrimental from a racial perspective. Strongly critiques the concept of a unified self.

Link

Fact or Factitious? A Psychobiological Study of Authentic and Simulated Dissociative Identity States

DID, proof

Proves that DID and someone pretending to have DID or suggested into it look different under MRI. Brain imaging study. Uses controls of 'high fantasy prone' and 'low fantasy prone' people. Shows DID is real and not an invention of therapists or just being 'fantasy prone'.

Link

Sight and blindness in the same person: Gating in the visual system

DID, proof, psychosomatic

Study of a person with DID who has a blind alter in an otherwise seeing system, confirmed blind by tests. Confirms psychogenic blindness is 'real' blindness and asserts that it should not be seperated out from other kinds of blindness.

Link

Fragmented Sleep, Fragmented Mind The Role of Sleep in Dissociative Symptoms

dissociation, sleep, treatment

Talks on how fragmented sleep increases dissociative experiences, showing dissociation is not only caused by trauma. Proposes that improving sleep may improve dissociative symptoms.

Link

A New Model of Dissociative Identity Disorder

DID, model

Compares three models of DID; the 'classic' model, the subjective model, and the sociocognitive model. Shows that data indicates that the subjective model is best at diagnosing DID. Refutes the sociocognitive model. Propses new diagnositc criteria listed in the study.

Link

The mind possessed: well-being, personality, and cognitive characteristics of individuals regularly experiencing religious possession

endogenic, nondisordered

Details examples of spiritual plurality and concludes that its is not symptoms of psychosis or disorderly as they have similar screening results to those not experiencing it.

Link

Varieties of Tulpa Experiences: Sentient Imaginary Friends, Embodied Joint Attention, and Hypnotic Sociality in a Wired World

tulpamancy, endogenic, community report, personhood

Explores how the tulpamancy community exists as a community and how it supports those inside of it. Reports on norms and culture within tulpa communities. Backs up the idea that conditions like autism are shared in a system, but those within it may be affected differently or less by it. Argues tulpas are real and posits the how as that humans are hardwired to model other agents in the mind as a predictive measure, teaching the brain to be plural through this is possible. Also brings up other groups in which repeated focusing is used to commune with outside agents. Proposes that one Learns to conceive of the self in certain ways, and thus becomes singular or plural through this. Thus, singlethood and plurality are cultural practice, not default.

Link

Neurophysiological And Psychological Approaches To Spirit Possession In Haiti

endogenic, nondisordered

Saved copy of the paper by Astrea [disclaimer on Astrea]. Argues that spirit possession presents as it does in a wide range of cultures because human brains work a particular way that accomodates for those experiences and that this is not inherently disordered. Argues that researching this phenominon could help broaden the understanding of consciousness and help people revise theories around personality and mental illness.

Link

Conceptualizing multiplicity spectrum experiences: Asystematic review and thematic synthesis

endogenic, nondisordered

Talks about plurality outside of DID

Link

Other Professional Sources

Title Category Notes Link

Integration: A Requirement for DID Therapy – Or Not?

integration

Professional source on wanting to not integrate

Link

Understanding Multiplicity: The experience of having more than one person, self or identify within the body

nondisordered, endogenic, community report

Archived multiplicity pamphlet

Link

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Fifth Edition (DSM-5)

diagnostics

Copy of the DSM5

Link

ICD-11 for Mortality and Morbidity Statistics

diagnostics

Copy of the ICD-11

Link

What We Can Learn About Respect and Identity From Plurals

community report, nondisordered, personhood

Talks about the community, in favor of the community and the personhood assertions in it in particular

Link

Dissociative Identity Disorder Factsheet

101

101 page for DID

Link

Trauma During Adulthood Fact Sheet

trauma

ISSTD factsheet on trauma symptoms in adults

Link

Article: Exploring the experiences of young people with multiplicity

community report, nondisordered, endogenic

Talks about the communities needs in therapy and community culture

Link

Non-Psychiatric Professional Arcicles Of Note

Title Category Notes Link

Wikiwand Walk-In Page

terminology

Mention of the singlet occult concept of walk-ins.

Link

Dangerous Therapy: The Story of Patricia Burgus and Multiple Personality Disorder

abuse, false memory, satanic panic, misdiagnosis

Example of horrific medical abuse and overdiagnosis of MPD done by therapists for clout during the Satanic Panic. Article holds belief in FMS and seems to doubt DID/MPD is a thing, but is legit beyond that.

Link

Are Multiple Personalites Always a Disorder?

community report, nondisordered, endogenic

Article on vice about nondisordered plurality. Not the best, but its there.

Link